What Are The 4 Essential Elements Of A Tort?

What Are The 4 Essential Elements Of A Tort


It is easy to understand that a tort becomes a civil wrong that comes as an act committed by one. The work comes harms another person as his legal rights. It comes with a name of a tort. But on the flip side, when an omission performs any act, that can also be a tort if the performing work carries a bad or negative result to the other person. The person who commits the tors is called a tortfeasor.

The torts related to suits is an essential of torts to the injured party just to show the harm caused to the person directly affects the cause of the action. It is not that in all of the cases, the law of torts is not codified. That means it is not derived from a statue. As a result of that, the law of torts does not come with a code. That means it does not derive from a statue. The reason is that the law of tort is sometimes referred to as the judge-made law.

The roots come from tort from the Latin term ‘totum, which comes with the meaning ‘twist’. The word ‘tort’ comes with the meaning of ‘There is always a solution to a problem.’ There are four kinds of tort that are given below.

(i) The existence of a duty just go for reasonable care should be observed by others.

(ii) The wrong omission or commission of an act.

(iii) Infringement of legal rights acts as a de to such wrongful omission.

(iv) The Remedy.

Kinds of Torts

Three types of torts go with names (a) Negligent tort, (ii) Strict liability (ii) International tort.

Intentional Tort 

Under this tort, a person intentionally omits or commits an act with the knowledge that commission or omission will come to cause injury or harm for another person. For example, intentional tort includes libel, assault, trespass, and many more. When for one person, another person suffers from harm or injury, the first person has committed a negligent tort. For example, it would be an accident caused by the disobedience of traffic rules.

Strick Liability tort 

A strict liability tort becomes a civil wrong for the person who comes to be committed the wrong with legal responsibility. According to the law of tort, most of the tort requires the person committed with intent to cause of emotional pain or harm.

Negligent Tort 

In everyday life, negligence comes with nothing but full of carelessness. According to law, it brings the main focus from failure to perform the basic of care.

4 Most necessary elements of tort

To constitute a tort, there must be four important elements. If you do not have the right concept of the elements, just take a look below.

Existence of duty care  

This particular law for an individual to observe and maintain reasonable care while performing any act which can cause harm to another. Filing a claim for a tort, it should be proved that there must be executed a duty of care for an injured party which breached by the tortfeasor. The injured party or a tortfeasor doesn’t have to have a connection directly for the work of care to exit. 

Lord Atkin opined that ‘you should take reasonable care just to avoid omission or act you can reasonably foresee to injure your neighbour. Normally, this gives rise to a dilemma about the person who may or may not be considered a neighbour. According to Lord Atkin, ‘persons who are so closely affected by my act that I need to have them in contemplation being affected while I am directing my mind to the omissions or acts that are called in question.’

The next one goes for essential elements of tortis :

Wrongful Commission 

This particular act comes with a name Omission of an Act. For any commission or omission, there must be a wrongful act, and it should be required by the law. An act that violates the law can be classified as a wrongful act. A moral wrong does not always come as a legal wrong, and even it s not sufficient for an act to be immoral. Thus, it is not enough for an act to be immoral as a wrongful act. It can be moral or immoral. A wrongful act must be a cause for actual harm or result in a legal injury to another person.

Actual Damage or Legal Injury

In need of a wrongful act to constitute a claim for tort and gives liability and the client must have suffered any actual loss or harm, and even there must be an infringement of their legal rights (and there may not be any resultant damage) in the name of consequences of the wrongful act of the tortfeasor, the two maxims are sufficient to encapsulate the types of injury or damage that fall under the scope of a tort constituent element.

The first maxim is translated literally as injury without damage. That means when a person has to suffer from a legal injury; no damage comes as injury without damage. This means when a person comes to a legal injury, there must not be any resulting from any injury. Thus the injury is considered a tort, and the injured party goes for a remedy. The most important and interesting example of the maxim is the case of Ashby vs White and where White stopped Ashby from exercising his right the vote. Even here, the candidate for whom Ashby was to cast his vote to win the election. Here according to court rule, Ashby’s legal rights had been completely infringed as it was a lawful injury without damage.

The second maxim under details in essential of torts means damage without legal injury, and here actual damage is suffered by the party without infringement of legal rights. That means, in the absence of a legal injury, the second party in injury has no claim. According to the Gloucester Grammar School, the defendant establishes a school near the plaintiff school. Students to the new school come to be caused severe monetary losses to the plaintiff. Here according to the Court, no suit should come, irrespective according to the Court, no suit could be a lie irrespective of monetary damage, because there was no legal right that was violated by the defendant to set up a school.


While discussing essential elements of the tort, it is very easy to understand that remedy must be behind a wrong. Rights without the provision of remedy for the breach of those rights would be pointless. In the same way, the law of torts brings certain forms of legal remedies for injured persons having damages, injunctions, and specific restitution of property, according to the courts.

Before relief comes after awarding to the claimant, the court goes for examinations in certain aspects of liability by the tests such as a test of foreseeability, directness, and another order just to judge the remoteness of suffering damage.


Through the description given above, the four elements of a wrongful act, injury, duty, and remedy come in the form of a chain, and if any one of the links in the chain is found missing, it will not count as a tort.

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