Content of the Contract What You Need to Know While Writing an Effective Contract


Contract content is a crucial part of every agreement. It should be mentioned in simple terms; however, you can include all necessary provisions in every contract. While writing a contract, you should try to make it in easy language, so it’s easy to understand for the contracting parties. In this article, we discuss how to write a contract efficiently and what types of content you should try to avoid while entering into the contract. And what kinds of elements should be included to write an effective contract.

The Content of the Contract

There are the following types of elements that should be contained for making an easy and effective contract.

The Title of the Contract

Every contract should start with the title. The title is the initial and first content required to mention while you prepare or begin writing a contract. Through the contract title, anyone can quickly get an idea about the primary subject matter of the contract. The title explains the contracting parties’ intent for which purpose they enter into the contract—for example, a transfer, a lease agreement for, or granting something, etc.

Introduction and aims of the contract

The introduction part is much more important while writing a contract. Generally, that part contains the aims or purpose of the agreement that bassed the contracting parties agree to agree. Based on that introduction, the contract parties and anyone can easily understand the purpose and intention of the contracting parties for making it.

The Name of the Contract Parties

It is an essential part of the contract’s content to mention the contracting parties’ names specifically. It also happens that the parties’ names repeatedly seem in the other parts of the agreement. In that section, you must write the name of the persons who entered and negotiated the terms and conditions of the contract. Sometimes it happens that the party directly enters into the contract, or in some cases, the contracting party can negotiate the terms and conditions as a representative of the organization or enterprise. All these things necessarily specify the authorized person who enters the contract. In this section, you must mention the name of the contracting parties, address, and identification proof. 

Specify the Definition and Interpretation of the Agreement

It is a very crucial part of the content of the contract. Because while you enter into the contract, sometimes a bunch of terms is used. It is a way of making it easy and understanding the terms.

It would help if you defined all that interpretation while starting to write a contract. Such content will help to understand such terms are repeatedly referred to in the contract. You can also include some interpretation parts if any are required to be covered in the contract. For example, whether details of the previous contract remain to force. If contract parties enter into the other agreement with third parties, and a short description of the previous contract, if that still exists, it will be affected by this contract or not.

The Details of the Subject Matter 

The subject matter of the contract is a significant part. That should be described explicitly in detail. The subject matter is based on a contract that may be related to a product, service, or any other thing, whatever you need to contain. Suppose your contract is an agreement based on granting a right to use something. In that case, you need to mention what kind of right is given through the contract. It would be best if you also noted that the terms of your contract would operate in specific geographical areas, for example, America, Canada, etc.

Contain the other Terms and Conditions if required

Sometimes it is necessary to mention any substitute terms and conditions specified in the contract. For example, charges of transportation, insurance, storage and packing, marketing, etc., you should have to include all such things in the contract. And you should also specify in the agreement which contracting party will do that obligation per the agreement.

In the case of Delay in the Product and Services

All contract parties are directly or indirectly connected with the business as a manufacturer or service provider. But sometimes, supply delay happens due to unexpected reasons for the product or services. In that case, what remedies are available for the parties? Who bears the loss or damages? How do calculate such damages? For example, based on weekly, monthly, or any other limitations that must be contained in the agreement. If that happens more often, which parties have the right to terminate the contract? All that things are necessarily required to mention in the contract.

Price of Product or Services

The price factor is an essential part of every contract. It may be in a variant part. That’s why contract parties must describe the agreement. Many variants come in the price range, for example, fixed price, sales base price, etc.; if the profit arises, how will it be distributed? And if losses will come, then how will they be covered? Which type of compensation is applied while product or service sales are above the target? All that things are necessarily required to be covered.

Terms of Payment

The payment terms also need to be contained in the agreement. For example, How to make a payment? In terms of advance or after compilation of the order of the goods or services? How to generate an invoice of goods/services on the primary amount or based on the quantities of goods/services? etc.

Fault in the Product/Services

Sometimes it’s happened that the product or services did not reach the buyer. In that case, the seller will be liable for this fault, and the buyer has the right to terminate such a contract. It would be best if you should include all of those things in the agreement while preparing the contract’s content. You should also cover all things that, what is the solution if the product/services are not provided to the purchaser? You should also include the term when the contract is discharged by performance if all obligations are complete from your side.

Terms of Delay Payment

During the business process, it will happen that contract parties fail to make a payment or maybe not make a payment within the above limit, which needs to mention in the agreement. In that event, what type of rights seller has acquired for the demand of due, remaining payment from the purchaser? Or, in the event of late payment, can the purchaser be liable for penalty or interest of such payment? In all that things, is the seller entitled to terminate such a contract or not? All essential things you need to the included in the agreement.

Terms when Disputes Arise between the Contract Parties

Due to unexpected reasons, disputes will come out between the contract parties. The best way to avoid that panic is for the party to reach an agreement. That’s the way an agreement should be made in written terms. As well, you should include all kinds of events in the contract. Because the legal agreement is legally binding to the parties of the contract, and there is a base to resolve with understanding before reaching the court of law. that may save a costly and time-consuming legal process between the contract parties. The parties can quickly determine their grievance by agreeing to use mediation, documentation cancellation, or other alternative settlement ways.

Exceptional Circumstances and Liabilities

It is advisable to disclose a non-liability and disclaimer clause. That clause helps the contract parties to understand that if the force of Majeure of Act of god event happens, for example, an earthquake, war, Covid-19, lockdown, etc., in that situation, what is the role of the contract parties? In that event, the parties have the right not to fulfill their part of an obligation.

Terms, Conditions, and Termination Clause

You have to specify the terms of the contract and how long the contract period will remain to force. For example, so and so date to so and so date or any specific period which the parties agree. The termination clause also needs to include while writing a contract. In that clause, you should specify when an agreement can be terminated after the prescribed notice period. Here is one exception in the case of breach of the contract by the party.

Signature and Original Copy of the Contract

You should make an original copy of the contract for all contracting parties at the time where the dated and signed by the parties. You should provide an original copy to all parties after completion of the date and signature, which may help them resolve a dispute at any event.


Content is the heart of the contract. On that base, every business runs its activities and can grow them without hesitation. That’s why you should make it very concisely and detailed so that it will help to avoid the dispute between the contracting parties. It is only possible when the content of the contract covers all terms and conditions in terms of an easy way.

Also Read:

Explain types of contracts under the Indian contract act 1872 

Difference Between Contract And Agreement In Contract Law 

What are the Essentials of a Valid Contract as per the Indian Contract Act,1872?

Capacity to contract as per Indian Contract Act

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